The Cathedral of Saint Paul — informally known as Saint Paul's Cathedral was a Portuguese 16th-century cathedral in the former Portuguese colony of Macau, now in the People's Republic of China, dedicated to Saint Paul the Apostle of Jesus. Today, its ruins are one of Macau's most famous landmarks. Built from 1582 to 1602 by the Jesuits, the Cathedral was the largest Catholic church in Asia at the time, and the royalty of Europe vied with each other to bestow upon the Cathedral the best gifts. With the decline in importance of Macau, which was overtaken as the main port for the Pearl River Delta by Hong Kong, the Cathedral's fortunes similarly ebbed, and it was destroyed by a fire during a typhoon in 1835. The Fortaleza do Monte overlooks the ruin.